- People getting confused between monkeypox and chickenpox
- There is a big difference between the symptoms of both the diseases.
- Monkeypox cases spreading outside Africa
Monkeypox VS Chickenpox: Skin rashes and fever, common symptoms of both monkeypox and chickenpox, have caused confusion among people. However, doctors say that there is a difference in the way the symptoms of both the viral diseases appear in the patients. He has advised to consult the doctors for the removal of any doubts. Monkeypox is a viral zoonosis (animal-to-human disease) with symptoms similar to those seen in the past in patients with smallpox, although it is clinically less severe.
Dr. Ramanjit Singh, Visiting Consultant, Dermatology, Medanta Hospital, said that during the rainy season, people are more prone to viral infections and during this time, chickenpox cases are largely seen along with other infections which have symptoms like rashes and nausea. also appear. Singh said, “Due to this condition, some patients are getting confused and mistaking chickenpox as monkeypox. The patient can determine whether he has monkeypox by understanding its sequence and onset of symptoms.
What are the symptoms of monkeypox?
He said monkeypox usually begins with fever, malaise, headache, sometimes sore throat and cough, and lymphadenopathies (swelling of lymph nodes) and all these symptoms appear up to four days before skin sores, rashes and other problems. Symptoms, which mainly start in the hands and eyes and spread throughout the body. Other experts also agree and say that apart from the skin, there are other symptoms in case of monkeypox, but it is always better to consult a doctor to clear any doubts. Recently, in some cases, two suspected cases of monkeypox have turned out to be of chickenpox.
A suspected patient of monkeypox, who was admitted to Delhi’s Lok Nayak Jaiprakash (LNJP) Hospital last week with fever and sores, was not confirmed to have the infection but turned out to be chickenpox. Similarly, an Ethiopian national who went to Bengaluru showed some symptoms after the test confirmed chickenpox. So far, four cases of monkeypox have been reported in India. Of these, three have come from Kerala and one case from Delhi.
Big difference between the two diseases
Dr. Satish Kaul, Director, Department of Internal Medicine, Fortis Memorial Research Institute said, “The lesions in monkeypox are larger than in smallpox. In monkeypox, sores appear on the palms and soles. The sores in smallpox tend to self-limit after seven to eight days, but this is not the case in monkeypox. In chickenpox, itching is felt in the wound. Monkeypox wounds do not itch. Kaul also said that the duration of fever in monkeypox is long and ‘lymph nodes’ are enlarged in such a patient. Dr. S C L Gupta, Medical Director of Batra Hospital said about the virus that causes chickenpox, that chickenpox is RNA virus, which is not so serious but it also causes skin rashes.
Gupta said, ‘It is chickenpox season. Usually during monsoon there is moisture, rise in temperature, water logging, moisture and wet clothes, all these lead to the growth of virus. “At the same time, there is a religious aspect to the disease as well. People consider it as coming to ‘Mother’ and hence such patients are not treated with any kind of medicines. They are kept in isolation and wait for their recovery.
Regarding monkeypox, Gupta explained that this type of virus requires an ‘animal host’ (animal carrier of the virus), but it remains limited with sore throat, fever and common virus symptoms.
How is monkeypox being treated?
He said, ‘The main symptom of this virus is such rashes on the body, which have fluid inside. This leads to viral infection, which weakens the body’s immunity. But, problems arise because of its complexity. In case, there is any kind of bacterial infection and pus, it increases, leading to further complications in the body.’ Gupta said, “At present, monkeypox is in its initial stage. We don’t have proper treatment. We are only adopting the method of isolation and treating the suspected patient according to his symptoms. In case of throat infection, we use generic medicines only. So, here it is a matter of treatment based on disease.’
Doctors have also been asked questions such as whether previous chickenpox infection protects the patient from monkeypox, the answer to which is no. Dr. Rajinder Kumar Singhal, Senior Director and Head of Department, Internal Medicine, BLK Max Hospital, New Delhi, said that both are caused by different viruses, the mode of spread is different, and previous infections do not ensure any protection against new ones. does.
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