- STPF was not formed even after 10 years of Centre’s advice
- Madhya Pradesh is known as Tiger State
- This is also the highest number of tiger deaths.
Special Tiger Protection Force: The formation of a Special Tiger Protection Force (STPF) in Madhya Pradesh has not happened even after 10 years of the Centre’s advice. Madhya Pradesh has recorded the highest number of tiger deaths in the country since 2012. According to the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA), 1,059 tigers have died in India since 2012. Madhya Pradesh has the highest number of 270 tiger deaths.
Madhya Pradesh is also known as Tiger State
This state is known as ‘Tiger State’. According to the 2018 Tiger Census, Madhya Pradesh had emerged as the ‘Tiger State’ of India with 526 tigers. After this, 524 tigers have lost their lives in Karnataka. So far this year, 27 tigers have died in Madhya Pradesh, while last year 41 tigers had lost their lives. There are 6 tiger reserves in the state. The NTCA in 2009-2010 advised states where tiger populations are high to recruit and train special police personnel so that they can patrol the forests for tiger protection. After this STPF was formed in Karnataka, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Odisha and Assam. In this, 60 percent assistance is received from the Central Government under the Tiger Project Scheme.
The absence of STPF doesn’t matter – Chief Wildlife Warden (MP)
According to a 2012 tripartite agreement between the Union Environment Ministry, NTCA and Madhya Pradesh, states were required to arm, arm and deploy the force in their tiger reserves within two years of the signing of the agreement. Madhya Pradesh has since formed ‘State Tiger Strike Force’, Smart Patrol and Dog Squads to protect tigers in National Parks but STPF has not been formed. Chief Wildlife Warden of Madhya Pradesh J.S. Chouhan said that the state has a strong mechanism for the protection of tigers and the absence of STPF does not make any difference. He said that the decision to constitute STPF would be taken at the level of the state government. Most of the tiger deaths are due to natural causes including fighting, disease and age. There has not been a significant increase in the number of tiger deaths due to unnatural causes. We are not hiding anything.
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