- Every year an area of 68 thousand 800 square kilometers of Bihar gets affected by floods.
- The then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru had laid the foundation stone of Kosi project in 1953.
- Packages worth thousands of crores come in the name of floods.
Bihar Floods: Bihar and floods have an old relationship. Like every year, Bihar gets floods. now again The rivers of Bihar are in spate due to incessant rains in Nepal. High alert has been issued in the border areas. According to the local administration, preparations for the flood have been completed. The SDRF team has arrived in the district. The water level of Budhi Gandak, Mahananda, Kosi, Bagmati Saryu has crossed the danger mark. Water Resources Minister Sanjay Kumar Jha said that all the officers and engineers are active from the district headquarters to the village. Everyone has been instructed that if the situation looks bad anywhere, then immediately start the relief work. On the other hand, the Meteorological Department has predicted heavy rain. Today we will know why Bihar gets flooded every year and what has the government done till now?
Why do floods happen every year?
Nepal is considered to be the main cause of floods in Bihar every year. Nepal is a mountainous country and Bihar is a flat region. About seven districts of Bihar are bordered by Nepal. Kishanganj, Araria, Madhubani, West Champaran, East Champaran, Supaul and Sitamarhi all share the border with Nepal. When it rains heavily in Nepal, all the rain water enters the Kosi through the rivers coming from Nepal. Due to which the water level of Koshi in Bihar gets on the rise. According to the Water Resources Department, every year an area of 68 thousand 800 square kilometers of Bihar gets affected by floods. According to the local people, indiscriminate felling of trees was done in Nepal. Due to which there was no blockage in the water. In order to reduce the flow of rivers, embankments were built at many places in Bihar, but in front of the formidable form of the rivers, the embankments would be washed away in water. Farakka Dam in Bihar is believed to be the cause of floods. The freezing of silt in rivers is also an important reason. Due to these silts, there is an obstruction in the flow of the rivers, due to which the rivers change their course.
What have governments done so far?
The then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru had laid the foundation stone of the Kosi project in 1953 to prevent the floods in Bihar. He had said that in the next 15 years, the problem of floods from Bihar would be over. However, even today the situation remains the same. Locals allege that the floods for northern Bihar are considered a disaster not an opportunity for the authorities. Packages worth thousands of crores come in the name of floods, but these packages go into the pockets of the officials. The embankments built on the rivers get washed away in water every year. There has been a lot of change in behavior since then. In the flood tragedy of 2008, about 4 million people were affected by the floods. Despite this, no concrete steps have been taken so far regarding the floods in Bihar.
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