How does India protect its borders? From BSF to ITBP, know where the soldiers of these paramilitary forces are deployed – Independence Day 2022 how india guards border bsf itbp ssb assam rifles deployed

India Border Paramilitary Forces- India TV Hindi News
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India Border Paramilitary Forces

Highlights

  • Paramilitary forces being deployed after the wars
  • jawans guarding international borders
  • Different forces are deployed on different borders

Independence Day 2022: After the independence of the country, the responsibility of its international borders was with the local police. But it proved insufficient during the 1962 and 1965 wars. After which paramilitary forces were deployed to protect the country’s borders. However, no one armed force protects all borders. Rather, different borders are guarded by different forces. These paramilitary forces are not part of the army and come under the Union Home Ministry. However, they get the help of the army in the discharge of their duties. So let us now know which paramilitary forces protect which borders.

BSF – Guarding the borders with Pakistan and Bangladesh

India Border Paramilitary Forces

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India Border Paramilitary Forces

The BSF (Border Security Force) was formed on December 1, 1965, with the aim of guarding the border with Pakistan after the 1962 war. Initially there were 25 battalions in BSF but today there are 192 battalions. They were deployed on the borders of the erstwhile East Pakistan and West Pakistan. Since the 1971 war, the BSF is still deployed along the border with the newly formed country Bangladesh. Today there are 2.72 lakh personnel in the BSF, who guard the 6386 km long international border. Along with guarding the borders, the BSF is deployed during insurgency in Jammu and Kashmir and Punjab and to fight terrorists in Naxal areas.

ITBP- Defense of India and China border

India Border Paramilitary Forces

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India Border Paramilitary Forces

The Indo-Tibetan Border Police was established on October 24, 1962, to reorganize the border intelligence and security arrangements along the Indo-Tibetan border. Initially only four battalions were sanctioned. ITBP was first established under the CRPF Act. The ITBP Act was established by the Parliament in 1992. ITBP was given the responsibility of 3488 km long India-China border in the year 2014. In 2004, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh replaced the Assam Rifles.

ITBP has done additional border security from time to time. Has conducted anti-insurgency operations and done internal security related work. Due to which the number of this battalion has also increased rapidly. Today the ITBP has 56 Service Battalions, 4 Specialist Battalions, 17 Training Centers and 07 Logistics Establishments with a strength of about 90,000 personnel. ITBP has set up Border Out Posts (BOPs) along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) to take this task forward. ITBP has installed a total of 173 BOPs along the Indo-China border.

SSB- Indo-Nepal and Indo-Bhutan Border Security

India Border Paramilitary Forces

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India Border Paramilitary Forces

The SSB (Sashastra Seema Bal) was established in May 1963 as a Special Services Bureau after the Chinese incursion in 1962. In June 2001, the SSB was designated as the principal intelligence agency for India-Nepal and given the responsibility of the Indo-Nepal border. The SSB was also deployed along the Indo-Bhutan border in March 2004. The Ministry of Home Affairs is in charge of the Sashastra Seema Bal. The main mission of the SSB is to provide armed support to the Intelligence Bureau’s foreign intelligence division, which eventually became the Research and Analysis Wing.

SSB was transferred from RAW to Ministry of Home Affairs in 2001. In 2001, the SSB was given the task of guarding the 1751 km long Indo-Nepal border, which passes through the states of Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and Sikkim. In March 2004, the SSB was assigned the task of guarding a 699 km section of the Indo-Bhutan border, which passes through Sikkim, West Bengal and Arunachal Pradesh.

Assam Rifles – Guarding the Indo-Myanmar Border

India Border Paramilitary Forces

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India Border Paramilitary Forces

The Assam Rifles is the oldest paramilitary organization of the Indian Army and a special force, which conducts anti-insurgency operations in the Northeast. The Assam Rifles have participated in a variety of duties, conflicts and theaters throughout their history, including World War I, where they were stationed in Europe and the Middle East, and World War II, where they served mostly in Burma. Huh. After China’s occupation of Tibet, the Assam Rifles was assigned the task of guarding the Tibetan border of the Assam Himalayan region. It took part in the conflict in the Northeast. The Assam Rifles is also guarding the Indo-Myanmar border since 2002.

Under the command of the Army, the Assam Rifles has conducted counter-insurgency operations in the North-East and other areas as required. They ensure peace and security of the Indo-China and Indo-Myanmar borders during ‘proxy war’. They act as the central government’s ultimate intervening force in internal security situations when the situation is beyond the control of central paramilitary operations. It is the only Border Security Force that is not a central paramilitary force, but a paramilitary force of the Army. Unlike other Border Guards, the primary function of the Alam Rifles is not to guard the borders.

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