Rajat Sharma’s Blog Can India as G20 president end Russia-Ukraine war?

India TV Chairman and Editor in Chief, Rajat Sharma - India TV Hindi News

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India TV Chairman and Editor in Chief, Rajat Sharma

India was handed over the presidency of the world’s powerful grouping at the closing ceremony of the G-20 summit in Bali, Indonesia on Wednesday. Indonesian President Joko Widodo handed over the chairmanship of the G-20 group to Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in the presence of all the politicians present there.

The G-20 grouping includes the world’s major and emerging economies and accounts for about 85 percent of the world’s total gross domestic product (GDP), about 75 percent of world trade, and about two-thirds of the world’s population.

Apart from India, G-20 includes US, UK, European Union, China, Russia, France, Germany, Canada, Brazil, Australia, Argentina, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, Saudi Arabia, Turkey and South Africa .

After assuming the chairmanship of the G-20, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said at the summit, ‘India is taking charge of the G-20 at a time when the world is simultaneously grappling with geopolitical tensions, economic slowdown, rising food and energy prices as well as grappling with the long-term side effects of the pandemic. At such a time, the world is looking at the G-20 group with great hope. Today I want to assure that India’s G-20 presidency will be inclusive, ambitious, decisive and action-oriented.

Describing India as the ‘mother of democracy’, Modi said, ‘India’s chairmanship of the G-20 is a proud moment for every Indian. We will organize G-20 meetings in different cities and states of the country. Our guests will get to fully experience India’s amazing diversity, inclusive traditions and cultural richness….Together we will make the G-20 a catalyst of global change.’

Before the closing ceremony, on Wednesday morning, PM Modi along with other G-20 leaders inspected Bali’s famous mangrove forest. The contribution of mangrove forests is most important in maintaining balance in the world environment. There are more than 55 species of mangroves in India which are spread over 5 thousand square kilometers. These mangrove forests are famous around the world for their rich biodiversity, and they play an important role in curbing climate change. These mangrove forests act as carbon sinks (i.e. absorb large amounts of carbon dioxide).

The Ukraine war clouded the two-day G-20 summit in Bali. While the conference was going on, news broke that a missile attack had taken place in eastern Poland, in which two people had lost their lives. However, Russia denied that it had launched a missile attack on Poland. On the other hand, US President Joe Biden called an immediate meeting of the G-7 and NATO countries to discuss the changed situation. Poland later admitted that it was an accidental attack.

On the first day of the Bali summit, PM Narendra Modi raised the issue of Ukraine. “I have said time and time again that we must find a way to return to a ceasefire and diplomacy in Ukraine,” he said. In the last century, the Second World War wreaked havoc all over the world. Later, the leaders of that era seriously tried to walk on the path of peace. Now it is our turn.’

Modi said that the responsibility of building a new world order after the Kovid-19 global pandemic is on our shoulders. The need of the hour is concerted and collective resolve to ensure peace, harmony and security in the world. I am sure that when the G-20 meeting will be held on the land of Buddha and Gandhi, then together we will give a solid message of peace to the world.

Modi said, ‘Climate change, the Kovid epidemic, the situation in Ukraine and the global challenges arising out of it have created havoc in the world and the global supply chain has collapsed. There is a crisis of essential commodities all over the world and the challenges have increased for the poor citizens of every country.

In other words, PM Modi was clearly telling the leaders of China and Russia along with the western countries present in this summit that no one is going to benefit from this war. Peace and brotherhood is necessary if we all need to help humanity and make earth a heaven. Modi also told these leaders that the Ukraine war should end soon and all the major powers should find a way out. He said, India is ready to play a lead role in ending this war.

Narendra Modi said at the summit that it was India which ensured food security of its 1.3 billion citizens during a global pandemic like Covid. At the same time, he said, ‘India also supplied food grains to many needy countries. The current shortage of fertilizers can pose a huge crisis in terms of food security. Today’s fertilizer shortage could lead to tomorrow’s food crisis. We all must agree to keep the supply chain of both fertilizers and food grains stable and assured.

Modi also told the G-20 leaders how India supplied the Corona vaccine to countries that were in dire need of it. He said that today when the world economy is facing crisis, India has emerged as a shining example for the big powers.

Modi held bilateral talks with US President Joe Biden, Chinese President Xi Jinping, French President Emmanuel Macron, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak, Japanese PM Fumio Kishida, Canadian PM Justin Trudeau and Indonesian President Joko Widodo.

On the first day of the summit, PM Modi was talking to US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken over dinner when China’s President Xi Jinping arrived. Modi greeted Xi Jinping and shook hands with him. Modi and Xi were face-to-face for the first time since the clash between the armies of the two countries in Ladakh’s Galvan Valley. Both the leaders talked to each other for some time. Earlier this year, Modi and Xi Jinping attended the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SACO) summit held in Samarkand, but the two leaders did not meet at that time.

Modi also addressed the Indian community in Bali on the sidelines of the summit on Tuesday. A large number of people, mostly Muslims, had gathered to listen to Modi. He had a picture of the tricolor and Modi in his hands. These people also raised slogans of Modi-Modi. In his speech, Modi referred to the thousands of years old cultural ties between India and Indonesia and the sea-borne trade.

India has the Ganges River, while Indonesia has the Tirta Ganga (a lavishly decorated water garden inside the former royal palace in Bali), he said. If India has Himalayas then Indonesia has Agung mountain. If we start every auspicious work in India, then there is a picture of Ganesha on the currency of Indonesia. Modi said that despite being the country with the largest Muslim population in the world, Indonesia’s traditions and customs are similar to those of India. He said that the people of Indonesia also fast on Purnima and Ekadashi like Indians.

PM Modi told the people of the Indian community that there has been a big change in India. He said, ‘Today’s India does not think small. New India has now set big goals and achieved them. In the last eight years, we have built 55 thousand kilometers of highways, built houses for a population equal to Australia, opened bank accounts for almost the same population. Provided healthcare under Ayushman Bharat to a population equal to that of the US and the European Union. Earlier India looked to the world for help, now the world looks to India for help.

Modi said, ‘The speed and scale of India’s progress has taken a quantum leap, but we have not forgotten to take pride in our past. The people of Indonesia have preserved their traditions despite being an Islamic country, we are doing the same in India.

About 1.5 lakh Indians live in Indonesia. There is about $ 20 billion trade between the two countries. Indonesia is India’s second largest trading partner in South East Asia. Indonesia has shown interest in buying Tejas fighter aircraft and BrahMos supersonic missiles from India. In Bali, Modi said, there was a time when India used to buy all its defense equipment from abroad, but now other countries have come forward to buy Tejas aircraft and BrahMos missiles from India.

Narendra Modi did well that he stood on the land of Indonesia and told the whole world that where and in which field India is number one. Modi reminded that India is the fastest growing economy in the world. But at the same time Modi did not forget that India is also a part of the world which is facing economic crisis.

Modi knows that today inflation in India is less than the countries of Europe, but if the world economic crisis persists, then the coming days may be difficult for India as well. Now after getting the chairmanship of G-20, the responsibility of India and the Prime Minister of India is even more.

The leaders of all the big countries present in the G-20 conference have the world’s economy in their hands. He has the business of the whole world in his hands. But there are two big problems in front of everyone. One is the Russia-Ukraine war and the other is the economic pressure created by this war. Prime Minister Modi put the way to deal with both these crises in front of the world.

The way to deal with both the crisis is the same. Modi said that there is an urgent need to end the Russia-Ukraine war. As the new chairman of G-20, India is ready to take the lead in this. If Modi can really find a way to stop this war in the coming days, then the world will be benefited and India’s prestige will increase. (Rajat Sharma)

Watch: Aaj Ki Baat With Rajat Sharma full episode of 15th November 2022

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