The struggle for power is increasing in Iraq, know what is the reason for the tension between the Muqtada Sadr and the Coordination Framework alliance – iraq problem The battle for government formation in Iraq is increasing. What is the reason for the tension between Muqtada Sadr and the Coordination Framework

Highlights

  • Government in Iraq is not being formed since 9 months

  • Political tussle continues in Muktada Sadar and Coordination Framework alliance

The power struggle in Iraq is escalating. The conflict has intensified between influential Shia cleric Muktada Sadar and Iran-backed Shia rivals. The clerics are opposing the Iran-backed coalition’s PM candidate, Mohammad Shia al-Sudani. Hundreds of pro-maulvi protesters entered the parliament. In fact, there is a struggle going on in the Shia community to form the next government. Due to which there has been a rift in the Shia community. Let us tell you what is the reason behind this rivalry and what it means for Iraq.

Who is Muktada Sadar-
Muktada Sadar comes from a popular cleric lineage. Which has a supporter class of its own. Sadar has a fanatical track record. Including fighting with US forces and fighting with Iraqi officials. Muktada Sadar also commanded a powerful militia Mehdi army. However, this army was disbanded in the year 2008. He is dominant in Iraq. Many important positions are occupied by his supporters. In recent years, Muqtada al-Sadr has opposed both the US and Iran and has solidified himself as a nationalist among the people of Iraq.

What is Coordination Framework Coalition-
In opposition to Muktada al-Sadr, Shia rivals have formed a coalition called the Coordination Framework. In which leaders supporting Iran such as former PM Nouri al-Maliki are included. Apart from this, the coalition includes such paramilitary groups, which Iran has trained. Many of these have links with Tehran since the time of the Iraq-Iran war. Saddam Hussein was in power at that time and Iran supported Shia rebels.

Why did the tension between the two factions increase?
The reason for the increasing tension between the two factions is the election results. Actually elections were held in October. In which Muktada Sadar won 74 seats. Sadar won the maximum number of seats in the 329-seat parliament. Whereas the Iran-backed faction could win only 17 seats. In the previous election, the Iran-backed coalition had won 48 seats. After this, Muktada Sadar tried to form a government with Kurdish and Sunni Arab allies. But he did not get success in that. After this, Sadar asked his MPs to leave Parliament in June.
This decision of Sadar opened the way for the Coordination Framework coalition to form the government. After this, Maliki, the opponent of Sadar, put forward his name to become the Prime Minister. But when Sadar opposed him, Maliki withdrew his step. After this, the opponents nominated Mohammed Shia al-Sudani as the candidate. Sadr supporters started seeing Sudan as a loyalist of Maliki. After this the tension increased further.

The effect of political deadlock on the public-
It has been more than 9 months in Iraq, where work is going on without a government. This is a record after the tenure of Saddam Hussein. At this time, rising crude oil prices have pushed Iraq’s revenue to a record high. But despite this, the government does not have any budget for the year 2022. Due to which essential infrastructure and economic reforms are getting delayed.
People are facing problems. Power cuts have become common. There is a problem with the water supply. According to the World Food Program, 2.4 million out of 39 million people need food and livelihood support. Food prices, drought and the threat of the Islamic State are being ignored because of the political turmoil.

Will Iraq burn again in the fire of violence?
The United Nations has called for de-escalation of tensions. Iraqi leaders are also appealing for peace. Muktada Sadar has vowed a peaceful political move. But they have the support of the Armed Peace Brigade. Not only this, armed citizens are also in support of Sadar. If the standoff escalates, the possibility of armed conflict will increase. If there is an armed conflict in Iraq, then there will be bad news for Iran as well. However, Iran has not yet commented on the incident. But before that he has intervened in the state of internal unrest in Iraq.

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