India did not formally support the One China Policy
No formal diplomatic relations with Taiwan
US House of Representatives Speaker Nancy Pelosi is on a visit to Taiwan. Nancy made it clear that America stands with Taiwan on the issue of security. China is upset with Nancy Pelosi’s visit and is repeatedly threatening. China has suspended imports of citrus fruits and fish products from Taiwan. India is keeping an eye on Nancy’s visit to Taiwan and China’s response. However, no statement has come from India’s side so far.
India does not have any formal diplomatic relations with Taiwan. Actually India follows One China Policy. But despite this, India has never formally supported the One China Policy. In December 2010, Chinese Prime Minister Wen Jiabao visited India. Even during that time, in the joint communique, India did not mention its support for One China Policy. However, when BJP came to power in 2014 and Narendra Modi became the Prime Minister, he had invited Taiwan’s ambassador Chung Kwang Tien to his swearing-in ceremony.
How has the relationship with Taiwan been-
India has opened an office in Taipei for diplomatic work. The Indo-Taipei Association is headed by a senior diplomat. Taiwan has its Taipei Economic and Cultural Center (TECC) in New Delhi. Both of these were established in the year 1995. During this time the relations between India and Taiwan have been focused on commerce, culture and education. Due to the sensitivity of China, India has always kept relations with Taiwan low-profile. Parliamentary delegation visits and legislative-level talks have also been called off since the year 2017 after the Doklam controversy.
Changing relationship with Taiwan-
India has tried to improve relations with Taiwan in recent years. During this, China’s relations with Taiwan and India have been very tense. When there was a conflict with China in Galvan in the year 2020. So since then India became active regarding Taiwan. India made Gauranglal Das its envoy in Taipei. At that time Gauranglal was the Joint Secretary in America. After this, the Indian government asked two of its MPs to virtually attend the swearing-in ceremony of Taiwan’s President Tsai Ing Wen.
When former Taiwan President Lee Teng-hui died in August 2020, India called him Mr. Democracy. This was seen as a message from India to China. However, India has always been careful not to make any political statements on Taiwan.
ITA was established by India in the year 1995 during the reign of Lee Teng-Hui. In 1996, Lee was re-elected president. During this, Lee got rid of many such laws, which were hindering the development of democracy. For the first time in Taiwan, people were allowed to vote to elect a president.
What is the future with Taiwan?
Sana Hashmi, a visiting fellow at the Taiwan-Asia Exchange Foundation in Taipei, wrote a paper in May this year for the Institute of South Asian Studies at the National University of Singapore. In which he had told that there is a possibility of a strong reaction of China to any significant change in India-Taiwan relations. This explains why India’s reach with Taiwan is slow. At present, there is no possibility of returning to normalcy between India and China. Therefore, India should consider adopting relations with Taiwan with a bold and long-term approach. He also said that there are many reasons for India and Taiwan to go with each other.
At present, the government of Taiwan wants to increase cooperation with India. Because Taiwan’s new policy is going to look south. In which India is the most priority country. Till now there has been an economic and people-to-people relationship between India and Taiwan. But amid tensions with China, India and Taiwan are focusing on furthering their ties.
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