Why is the gender gap increasing in India what is the main reason behind

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Gender Gap

Highlights

  • The country was ranked ninth in the world in 2016
  • Here India’s score is between 60 and 64 percent
  • you are a girl you have a circle

Gender Gap: India has slipped to the 135th position globally (among 146 countries) as per the gender equality ranking given by the World Economic Forum (WEF). This means it is only 11 ranks above Taliban-ruled Afghanistan, where women are banned from attending schools. India’s other neighboring countries – Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Bhutan, China and Sri Lanka are ranked in a much better position. This is particularly worrying because 6 years ago, in 2016, India was ranked 87th in the world. According to WEF, the South Asian region includes India. According to an estimate, it will take about 200 years longer to bridge the gender gap in India. The gap is widening when it comes to political empowerment among women, mainly because of India’s global rank. India is currently ranked 48th in the world. Although this number increased in 2021, but in 2022 the figures have been correct.

According to a report, the country was ranked ninth in the world in 2016. This rank dropped to 15 in 2017, 19 in 2018 and then 51 in 2021. “Political empowerment has been on the decline for the last 50 years due to the declining share of women serving as heads of state,”

What are the parameters in which the country performed poorly?

India ranks lowest in health and survival, and in economic participation and opportunity. In both the parameters, the country ranked 143 out of 146 countries. India’s score and ranking in these parameters has always been low. According to the report, the rank has been low in the past due to low sex ratio at birth. According to the latest National Family Health Survey (NFHS), the sex ratio at birth for children born in the last five years was 929 females per 1,000 males. However, the World Health Organization (WHO) has estimated that the natural sex ratio at birth is about 952 females per 1,000 males.

When it comes to economic participation and opportunity, the annual report for 2020-21 of the Periodic Labor Force Survey states that the labor force participation rate among Indian women is just 23.15 percent as against 57.75 percent among men. According to NFHS 2019-21, 25.2 percent of women surveyed were employed, while 74.8 percent of men surveyed were employed at that time. “The most unequal economies with less than 65 per cent of their wealth are Nigeria, Argentina, Mexico, Turkey and India,” the Gender Gap Report says. This means that in these countries, on average, women hold less than 65 percent of the wealth men earned at retirement. Here India’s score is between 60 and 64 percent.

What should be done to correct it?

The report criticizes the growing inequality in the number of women in offices in India. Passing the Women’s Reservation Bill, which proposes to reserve 33 per cent of all seats in the Lok Sabha and all state legislatures for women, could improve the situation. Measures can also be taken to address the gender pay gap across industries. According to the World Inequality Report 2022 estimates, men in India earn 82 percent of the labor income while women earn 18 percent of it. Also, there is room to allocate more funds for gender budgeting, which aims to ensure that women receive the same socio-economic benefits as men.

What do Indian women think about this?

When we talked to many Indian women in this regard, the thinking of almost every women was seen in the same way. He said that since childhood, we were told that you are a girl, you have a circle. We are told that pink color will look great on you. When we are sent to study in a school, if I have a brother, then he goes to a good school, but we will not get to go to the school or even if we get to go, I will be admitted to an ordinary school. We have been seen as a burden since childhood. The biggest problem in our society is the thinking of the society, who think that we cannot do anything. But we have broken this thinking. Today we are making our mark everywhere. However, it will take a long time to break this social thinking.

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